Peppers Ranked by Scoville Heat Units

Written by Carly Hallman

What are the hottest peppers in the world, and which are the mildest? We ranked 110 different types of peppers to find the hottest ones on the Scoville heat scale. While some peppers are considered to be sweet, with a Scoville Heat Units (SHU) measurement of 0, others have reached more than 2 million on the Scoville heat scale and are considered to be the hottest peppers in the world. This hot pepper scale has become something of a challenge in recent years, with growers trying to create the next hottest pepper and claim the world title. With Scoville units reaching into the millions, our hot pepper list is not for the faint of heart! Which is the hottest pepper on this list that you’ve tried?

Would you like to embed this infographic on your site?

Peppers Ranked by Scoville Heat Units Transcript

Name of Pepper Minimum Scoville Heat Units Maximum Scoville Heat Units Country of Origin
Pepper X (Still waiting for verification from Guinness World Records to be the official hottest pepper) 3,180,000 3,180,000 United States
Dragon’s Breath Pepper (No official testing has been done yet) 2,480,000 2,480,000 United Kingdom
Carolina Reaper (Guinness World Records Hottest Chili Pepper in 2018) 1,400,000 2,200,000 USA
Komodo Dragon Pepper 1,400,000 2,200,000 United Kingdom
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion 1,200,000 2,000,000 Trinidad
Trinidad Scorpion Chocolate 1,200,000 2,000,000 Trinidad
7 Pot Douglah 923,889 1,853,986 Trinidad
7 Pot Brown 800,000 1,853,396 Trinidad
Dorset Naga 544,000 1,598,227 United Kingdom
Naga Morich 1,000,000 1,500,000 United Kingdom
Trinidad Scorpion “Butch-T” 800,000 1,463,700 Australia
Naga Viper 900,000 1,382,118 India
7 Pot Brain Strain 1,000,000 1,350,000 Trinidad
Infinity Pepper 1,067,286 1,250,000 United Kingdom
Spanish Naga 1,086,844 1,200,000 United Kingdom
7 Pot Jonah 800,000 1,200,000 Trinidad
Bedfordshire Super Naga 900,000 1,120,000 United Kingdom
Ghost Pepper 800,000 1,041,427 India
Bhut Jolokia Chocolate 800,000 1,001,304 India
7 Pot Bubblegum 800,000 1,000,000 United Kingdom
Chocolate Habanero 300,000 577,000 Jamaica
Red Savina Habanero 200,000 577,000 USA
Yucatan White Habanero 200000 500000 Mexico
Caribbean Red Habanero 300,000 475,000 Mexico
White Bullet Habanero 250,000 400,000 Carribean
Fatalii Pepper 125,000 400,000 Africa
Guyana (Wiri Wiri) Pepper 100,000 350,000 Guyana
Scotch Bonnet Pepper 100,000 350,000 Caribbean
Habanero Pepper 100,000 350,000 South America
Goat Pepper 100,000 350,000 Caribbean
Madame Jeanette Pepper 100,000 350,000 Suriname
Aji Chombo 150,000 350,000 Panama
Devil’s Tongue Pepper 125,000 325,000 USA
Datil Pepper 100,000 300,000 USA
Rocoto Pepper 50,000 250,000 Peru
Siling Labuyo 80,000 100,000 Phillipines
Apache Pepper 80,000 100,000 Unknown
Charleston Hot Pepper 70,000 100,000 USA
Malagueta Pepper 50,000 100,000 Brazil
Byadgi Chili Pepper 50,000 100,000 India
Chiltepin Pepper 50,000 100,000 USA
Thai Pepper 50,000 100,000 Thailand
Prairie Fire Pepper 70,000 80,000 Mexico
Cheiro Roxa 60,000 80,000 Brazil
Tien Tsin Pepper 50,000 75,000 China
NuMex XX Hot Pepper 60,000 70,000 USA
Dundicut Pepper 30,000 65,000 Pakistan
Pequin Pepper 40,000 60,000 Mexico
Super Chili Pepper 40,000 50,000 USA
Rooster Spur Pepper 30,000 50,000 USA
Aurora Pepper 30,000 50,000 Mexico
Aji Amarillo 30,000 50,000 Peru
Tabasco Pepper 30,000 50,000 Mexico
Cayenne Pepper 30,000 50,000 French Guyana
Black Cobra Pepper 20,000 40,000 Venezuela
Jwala Finger Hot Pepper 20,000 30,000 India
Japones Pepper 15,000 30,000 Japan
Lemon Drop Pepper 15,000 30,000 Peru
Chile de Arbol 15,000 30,000 Mexico
Manzano Pepper 12,000 30,000 Mexico
Black Pearl Pepper 10,000 30,000 USA
Bishop’s Crown Pepper 5,000 30,000 Brazil
Hinkelhatz Pepper 5,000 30,000 USA
Black Prince Pepper 5,000 30,000 Mexico
Count Dracula Pepper 5,000 30,000 Unknown
Bulgarian Carrot Pepper 5,000 30,000 Hungary
Fish Pepper 5,000 30,000 Africa
Peter Pepper 5,000 30,000 Unknown
Serrano Pepper 10,000 23,000 Mexico
Sport Pepper 10,000 23,000 Mexico
Hungarian Wax Pepper 1,000 15,000 Hungary
Aleppo Pepper 10,000 10,000 Syria
Fresno Pepper 2,500 10,000 USA
Puya Pepper 5,000 8,000 Mexico
Jalapeño Pepper 2,500 8,000 Mexico
Chipotle Pepper 2,500 8,000 Mexico
Hatch Pepper 1,000 8,000 USA
Chimayo Pepper 4,000 6,000 USA
Cherry Bomb Pepper 2,500 5,000 United States
Guajillo Pepper 2,500 5,000 Mexico
Espelette Pepper 500 4,000 France
Alma Paprika Pepper 2,000 3,000 Hungary
Mulato Pepper 2,500 3,000 Mexico
NuMex Big Jim 2,500 3,000 USA
Cascabel Pepper 1,000 3,000 Mexico
Black Hungarian Pepper 100 2,500 Hungary
Rocotillo Pepper 1,500 2,500 Peru
Padron Pepper 500 2,500 Spain
Anaheim Pepper 500 2,500 USA
Guindilla Pepper 1,000 2,000 Spain
Poblano Pepper 1,000 2,000 Mexico
Ancho Pepper 1,000 1,500 Mexico
Peppadew Pepper 1,100 1,200 Africa
Cajun Belle Pepper 100 1,000 USA
Piquillo Pepper 500 1,000 Spain
Mexibell Pepper 100 1,000 USA
Italian Long Hot Pepper 100 1,000 Italy
Cubanelle Pepper 100 1,000 Italy
Santa Fe Grande Pepper 500 700 USA
Pepperoncini 100 500 Italy
Pimiento Pepper 100 500 Unknown
Banana Pepper 0 500 South America
Carmen Italian Sweet Pepper 0 500 Italy
Shishito Pepper 50 200 Japan
Tangerine Dream Pepper 0 100 USA
Melrose Pepper 0 100 USA
Italian Sweet Pepper 0 100 Italy
Gypsy Pepper 0 0 USA
Purple Beauty Pepper 0 0 South America
Sweet Bell Pepper 0 0 Mexico

Sources:

How Are Scovilles Units Measured?

The Scoville scale is a measurement of the heat of chili peppers and other spicy foods. The concentration of capsaicin, the chemical responsible for adding spicy heat to foods, is measured and recorded in Scoville Heat Units (SHU). The Scoville heat scale was created by Wilbur Scoville, an American pharmacist. In 1912 he created a method called the Scoville Organoleptic Test. This method would extract capsaicin oil from a dried pepper and then dilute it with sugar water until a panel of professional taste-testers could no longer detect the heat. The amount of dilution needed to reach that point would determine the assigned Scoville units for each pepper.

The Scoville Organoleptic Test was imprecise due to human subjectivity, so in the 1980s, this spicy scale began to be measured using high-performance liquid chromotography. This measures the concentration of capsaicinoids, and the results are converted to Scoville Heat Units by multiplying the parts per million by 16.

The Scoville Heat Ranking of 20 Different Types of Common Peppers

  1. Pepper X: Scoville rating of 3,180,000
  2. Carolina Reaper: Scoville rating of 1,400,000–2,200,000
  3. Ghost Pepper: Scoville rating of 800,000–1,041,427
  4. Habanero: Scoville rating of 100,000–350,000
  5. Scotch Bonnet: Scoville rating of 100,000–350,000
  6. Charleston Hot: Scoville rating of 70,000–100,000
  7. Thai Pepper: Scoville rating of 50,000–100,000
  8. Tabasco Pepper: Scoville rating of 30,000–50,000
  9. Cayenne Pepper: Scoville rating of 30,000–50,000
  10. Serrano Pepper: Scoville rating of 10,000–23,000
  11. Sport Pepper: Scoville rating of 10,000–23,000
  12. Jalapeño: Scoville rating of 2,500–8,000
  13. Chipotle Pepper: Scoville rating of 2,500–8,000
  14. Cherry Bomb: Scoville rating of 2,500–5,000
  15. Poblano: Scoville rating of 1,000–2,000
  16. Ancho Pepper: Scoville rating of 1,000–1,500
  17. Peppadew: Scoville rating of 1,100–1,200
  18. Pepperoncini: Scoville rating of 100–500
  19. Banana Pepper: Scoville rating of 0–500
  20. Sweet Bell Pepper: Scoville rating of 0

What Is the Hottest Pepper in the World?

The certified hottest pepper in the world is the Carolina Reaper, at 2,200,000 Scoville units. The Guinness Book of World Records recognized Smokin’ Ed’s Carolina Reaper as the hottest chili pepper in the world in 2018. It beat its own 2013 record by 71,000 SHU to regain its title as the hottest chili pepper in the world. To put this amount of heat into perspective, the Carolina Reaper pepper is 200 times hotter than a jalapeño.

While the Carolina Reaper is currently recognized as the hottest pepper in the world, it has some serious competition on the hot pepper scale. Pepper X, which was also grown by Smokin’ Ed Currie, has taken 10 years to develop, but it is supposed to be far hotter than the Carolina Reaper. While it’s currently awaiting verification from the Guinness World Records committee, the Pepper X Scoville units are said to have topped the hotness scale at 3,180,000; that’s almost one million Scoville units hotter than the Carolina Reaper!

The Dragon’s Breath pepper, rumored to clock in on the Scoville heat scale at 2,480,000 SHU, has never been officially tested, and an application to Guinness World Records is still awaiting confirmation. This pepper is not meant for commercial consumption and instead was developed to be used as a natural anesthetic for those with allergies to the typical anesthetics used in medical procedures.

Top 10 Hottest Peppers in the World

  1. Pepper X: Scoville rating of 3,180,000
  2. Dragon’s Breath Pepper: Scoville rating of 2,480,000
  3. Carolina Reaper: Scoville rating of 1,400,000-2,200,000
  4. Komodo Dragon Pepper: Scoville rating of 1,400,000-2,200,000
  5. Trinidad Moruga Scorpion: Scoville rating of 1,200,000-2,000,000
  6. Trinidad Scorpion Chocolate: Scoville rating of 1,200,000-2,000,000
  7. 7 Pot Douglah: Scoville rating of 923,889-1,853,986
  8. 7 Pot Brown: Scoville rating of 800,000-1,853,396
  9. Dorset Naga: Scoville rating of 544,000-1,598,227
  10. Naga Morich: Scoville rating of 1,000,000-1,500,000

Can the Hottest Pepper Kill You?

Yes, some of the hottest peppers on this chart could kill you, but you would need to eat a good amount at once for this to happen. Studies have found that 3 pounds of dried and powdered capsaicin-rich peppers, like the Ghost Pepper or the Carolina Reaper, eaten by a 150-pound person in a short period of time would be enough to kill them.

Capsaicin is a neurotoxin, and large quantities of it can cause difficulty breathing, seizures, heart attacks, and death if enough has been ingested. While eating a single pepper of a million-plus Scoville units won’t kill you, it could cause hours to days of discomfort as your body tries to digest the pepper. This is why many recommend just flavoring your food with these super-spicy peppers, rather than eating them whole.

What Is the Sweetest Pepper in the World?

The sweetest pepper in the world is the sweet bell pepper, with an SHU of 0. Bell peppers are part of the capsicum species, yet they are the only capsicum that doesn’t produce the spicy chemical capsaicin that’s found in a majority of peppers.

Bell peppers can be found in a range of colors depending on how early they were picked during their growing cycle. Green is the least ripe and therefore the most bitter, orange and yellows are sweeter, and red is the sweetest bell pepper due to being fully ripe when picked. The Purple Beauty pepper, the purple version of the common sweet bell pepper, comes in alongside it on the list of the sweetest peppers in the world, with an SHU of 0 as well.

Top 10 Sweetest Peppers in the World

  1. Sweet Bell Pepper: Scoville rating of 0
  2. Purple Beauty Pepper: Scoville rating of 0
  3. Gypsy Pepper: Scoville rating of 0
  4. Italian Sweet Pepper: Scoville rating of 1-100
  5. Melrose Pepper: Scoville rating of 1-100
  6. Tangerine Dream Pepper: Scoville rating of 0-100
  7. Shishito Pepper: Scoville rating of 50-200
  8. Carmen Italian Sweet Pepper: Scoville rating of 0-500
  9. Banana Pepper: Scoville rating of 0-500
  10. Pimento Pepper: Scoville rating of 100-500

You might also like...