State Flowers of the United States

Written by Carly Hallman

Did you know that every U.S. state has its own state flower? From apple blossoms to white pine cones, every state in the country has chosen a flower that it feels best represents the area or people. While some states have the same official flower as others, all have put great care into choosing the best flower for their state.

The TitleMax team put together a graphic visualizing all of the state flowers in the country. Check it out to learn more about your state’s official flower!

infographic showing the state flowers from each US state

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How Do States Choose Their Official Flowers?

There are many different reasons why people in a state may choose a flower to represent them. Sometimes, the flower is native to the region. Other times, states choose flowers with meanings that represent their people or values. Flowers may also be chosen based on a popular vote or due to the work of an individual who lobbies to make a particular flower officially the state flower.

The First State to Choose a Flower

The first U.S. state to choose a state flower was Washington. In 1892, Washington chose the coast rhododendron as its state flower. Women in Washington chose the coast rhododendron as the state flower in order to enter the floral exhibit at the World’s Fair in Chicago in 1893. However, the Washington legislature did not officially make the coast rhododendron the state flower until 1959.

The Last State to Choose a Flower

Oklahoma did not officially designate a state flower until 2004. The Oklahoma rose is a beautiful hybrid rose that was first created by Herbert Swim and O. L. Weeks in 1964. Oklahoma resident Dottie Weissenberger lobbied for years to make the Oklahoma rose the official flower, and it was finally adopted in 2004.

What is the U.S. National Flower?

The rose is the official flower of the United States. President Ronald Reagan officially made the rose the national flower in 1986. The rose is seen to be a symbol of love, beauty, and devotion, making it a great choice for the United States national flower. Different rose variations are also the state flowers of Georgia, Iowa, New York, North Dakota, and Oklahoma.

The Complete State Flowers List

The following is each state’s flower, the flower’s scientific name, and the year it was officially adopted by the state.

State Common Name Scientific Name Year Adopted
Alabama Camellia Camellia japonica 1959
Alaska Forget-me-not Myosotis alpestris 1917
Arizona Saguaro cactus blossom Carnegiea gigantea 1931
Arkansas Apple blossom Malus 1901
California California poppy Eschscholzia californica 1903
Colorado Rocky Mountain columbine Aquilegia coerulea 1899
Connecticut Mountain laurel Kalmia latifolia 1907
Delaware Peach blossom Prunus persica 1953
Florida Orange blossom Citrus sinensis 1909
Georgia Cherokee rose Rosa laevigata 1916
Hawaii Hawaiian hibiscus Hibiscus brackenridgei 1988
Idaho Syringa Philadelphus lewisii 1931
Illinois Violet Viola 1907
Indiana Peony Paeonia 1957
Iowa Wild rose Rosa arkansana 1897
Kansas Sunflower Helianthus annuus 1903
Kentucky Goldenrod Solidago gigantea 1926
Louisiana Magnolia Magnolia 1900
Maine White pine cone Pinus strobus 1895
Maryland Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta 1918
Massachusetts Mayflower Epigaea repens 1918
Michigan Apple blossom Malus 1897
Minnesota Pink and white lady’s slipper Cypripedium reginae 1902 (enacted 1967)
Mississippi Magnolia Magnolia 1900 (enacted 1952)
Missouri Hawthorn Crataegus 1923
Montana Bitterroot Lewisia rediviva 1894
Nebraska Goldenrod Solidago gigantea 1895
Nevada Sagebrush Artemisia tridentata 1967
New Hampshire Purple lilac Syringa vulgaris 1919
New Jersey Violet Viola sororia 1971
New Mexico Yucca flower Yucca 1927
New York Rose Rosa 1955
North Carolina Flowering dogwood Cornus florida 1941
North Dakota Wild prairie rose Rosa blanda 1907
Ohio Scarlet carnation Dianthus caryophyllus 1953
Oklahoma Oklahoma rose Rosa 2004
Oregon Oregon grape Mahonia aquifolium 1899
Pennsylvania Mountain laurel Kalmia latifolia 1933
Rhode Island Violet Viola 1968
South Carolina Yellow jessamine Gelsemium sempervirens 1924
South Dakota Pasque flower Pulsatilla hirsutissima 1903
Tennessee Iris Iris 1933
Texas Bluebonnet Lupinus sp. 1901
Utah Sego lily Calochortus nuttallii 1911
Vermont Red clover Trifolium pratense 1894
Virginia American dogwood Cornus florida 1918
Washington Coast rhododendron Rhododendron macrophyllum 1892 (officially 1959)
West Virginia Rhododendron Rhododendron maximum 1903
Wisconsin Wood violet Viola papilionacea 1909
Wyoming Indian paintbrush Castilleja linariifolia 1917

Creative Commons Photos Used:

  • Maine: Flickr users Forest and Kim Starr (CC BY 2.0) — https://www.flickr.com/photos/starr-environmental/25130438132/
  • Minnesota: Flickr user Malcolm Manners (CC BY 2.0) — https://www.flickr.com/photos/mmmavocado/3757131366/
  • Nevada: Flickr user Andrey Zharkikh (CC BY 2.0) — https://www.flickr.com/photos/zharkikh/7150646559/
  • Oklahoma: Flickr user Yoko Nekonomania (CC BY 2.0) — https://www.flickr.com/photos/50093642@N03/4696972407
  • South Carolina: Flickr user Bob Peterson (CC BY 2.0) — https://www.flickr.com/photos/pondapple/51885810151/
  • Washington: Flickr user John Game (CC BY 2.0) — https://www.flickr.com/photos/47945928@N02/35233437320/

Information about Creative Commons licensing can be found at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/.


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